- Founder and Owner of Pemberton Research
- Pro to the question "Do Standardized Tests Improve Education in America?"
“What exams test reflects what states want their students to learn — the standards. Comparing average scores between schools and districts is possible only because the same test is done. In measuring what students know, tests are a tremendous asset, providing important and reliable information that cannot be learned in other ways…
To parents who are not educators, the process of creating standardized tests might seem like a big black box. In fact, it’s a rigorous and highly scientific process, one that has been developed over 100 years and reflects research by generations of esteemed scholars. It has its own subfield, psychometrics, and every year universities graduate new Ph.D.s in that subfield.”
“When Done Right, Standardized Tests Really Do Reflect What a Student Knows,” the74million.com, Nov. 14, 2018
- Theoretical Expertise Ranking:
Individuals with PhDs or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to the study of education. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to education.
- Involvement and Affiliations:
- Founder and Owner, Pemberton Research, 2010-present
- Vice President, Mathematica Policy Research, 1987-2010
- Former expert, Brookings Institution
- PhD, Economics, Johns Hopkins University, 1981
- BA, Economics, State University of New York at Geneseo, 1977
- Advises government agencies, philanthropies, and nonprofit organizations
- Quoted in:
- Pro & Con Quotes: Do Standardized Tests Improve Education in America?