Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research
Pro to the question "Is the Use of Standardized Tests Improving Education in America?"
"One method [of measuring teacher quality] is to evaluate teachers based on their impacts on students’ test scores, commonly termed the 'value-added' (VA) approach. A teacher's value-added is defined as the average test-score gain for his or her students, adjusted for differences across classrooms in student characteristics such as prior scores. School districts from Washington D.C. to Los Angeles have begun to use VA to evaluate teachers. Proponents argue that using VA can improve student achievement... while critics argue that test score gains are poor proxies for a teacher’s true quality...
We find that students assigned to higher VA teachers are more successful in many dimensions. They are more likely to attend college, earn higher salaries, live in better neighborhoods, and save more for retirement. They are also less likely to have children as teenagers..."
Cowritten with John N. Friedman and Jonah E. Rockoff, "The Long-Term Impacts of Teachers: Teacher Value-Added and Student Outcomes in Adulthood [Executive Summary]," Harvard University Research Computing Group website, Dec. 2011
Experts Individuals with PhDs or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to the study of education. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to education.
Involvement and Affiliations:
Member, Congressional Budget Office Panel of Economic Advisers, Apr. 2011-present
Professor, Department of Economics, Harvard University, Apr. 2009-present
Director, Lab for Economic Applications and Policy, Harvard University, Apr. 2009-present
Editor, Journal of Public Economics, Jan. 2009-present (Co-Editor July 2007–Dec. 2008, Associate Editor, Jan. 2006-June 2007)
Co-Director, Public Economics Program, National Bureau of Economic Research, Aug. 2008-present
Research Associate, National Bureau of Economic Research, July 2007-present (Faculty Research Fellow, July 2003-June 2007)
Recipient, American Economic Journal: Economic Policy Best Paper Prize, 2012
Recipient, Mahalanobis Memorial Medal of the Indian Econometric Society, 2012
Member, Board of Editors, Journal of Economic Literature, Jan. 2007-Jan. 2010
Recipient, IZA (Institute for the Study of Labor) Young Labor Economist Award, 2010
Co-Director, State Capabilities Group, International Growth Centre, Sep. 2008-Sep. 2009
Professor, Department of Economics, University of California at Berkeley, July 2008-Mar. 2009 (Associate Professor with tenure, July 2007-June 2008, Assistant Professor, July 2003-June 2007)
National Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University, Sep. 2007-July 2008
Recipient, CESIfo (Center for Economic Studies-Ifo Institute) Distinguished Research Affiliate Award, 2008
Recipient, American Young Economist Award, 2008
PhD, Economics, Harvard University, 2003
BA, summa cum laude, Economics, Harvard College, 2000
Valedictorian, University School of Milwaukee, 1997